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LESSON 28 PREPOSITIONS
 
A preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.


 

Here is a list of common words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within, and without.


 

These words can be used as other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. Words are prepositions if they have an object to complete them. To decide which it is say the preposition followed by whom or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition.


 

Example: The boy stood up and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object; therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition down and ending with the object street with a modifier the in between.


 

Find the prepositional phrases in the following sentences.


 

1. Jim painted a picture on the wall of the house.
2. I like to lie in the shade of the apricot tree and think of the jobs for the day.
3. The dog jumped over the mound behind the barn and ran into the street.
4. Everyone but you will need a note from home with parental permission.
5. Around the yard for miles, you could see nothing except junk.



 

Answers


 

1. on the wall, of the house
2. in the shade, of the apricot tree, of the jobs, for the day
3. over the mound, behind the barn, into the street.
4. but you, from home, with parental permission
5. around the yard, for miles, except junk


 

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Remembering what was taught in lesson 71, find the prepositions in these sentences. Remember that a preposition must have an object to complete it.


 

1. I like the color of the curtain on the window.
2. Jane walked along in the rain during the shower.
3. Hang the picture up or set it down behind the couch.
4. Eric was shining his light around in the car beside us.
5. The bird swooped down, picked up the mouse, and landed on the fence.



 

Answers


 

1. of, on - because they have objects
2. in, during
3. behind
4. in, beside
5. on - (up appears to have an object, but really it is telling how or where the bird picked the mouse. You are really saying "The bird picked the mouse up.")


 

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Combine the two sentences into one sentence using a prepositional phrase. Example: The ice melted. The ice was in the glass. Combined: The ice in the glass melted.


 

1. My dog is named Badger. He is in the garden area.
2. The sunset was beautiful. The sunset was in the west.
3. The grass is dead. The grass is near the road.
4. That girl is my best friend. She lives across the street.
5. I talked to that man. He is in my club.



 

Answers


 

1. My dog in the garden area is named Badger
2. The sunset in the west was beautiful.
3. The grass near the road is dead.
4. That girl across the street is my best friend.
5. I talked to that man in my club.


 

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Combine the sentences into one sentence using prepositional phrases. Example: The band marched. They marched across the football field. The band marched across the football field.


 

1. The runner jogged. He jogged around the park.
2. I found my money. It was under the mattress.
3. She looked around. She was in the store.
4. The students performed well. The performance was for the school play.
5. The man walked home. He was walking from work.



 

Answers


 

1. The runner jogged around the park. or Around the park the runner jogged.
2. I found my money under the mattress. or Under the mattress I found my money.
3. She looked around in the store. or In the store she looked around.
4. The students performed well for the school play. or For the school play the students performed well.
5. The man walked home from work. or The man walked from work home. or From work the man walked home.

 

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