A preposition is a
word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship
between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition
must always have an object. A prepositional phrase starts with a
preposition, ends with an object, and may have
modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.
Here is a list of common
words that can be used as prepositions: about, above, across, after,
against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside,
besides, between, beyond, but (when it means except), by, concerning, down,
during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out,
outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon,
with, within, and without.
These words can be used as
other parts of speech. What part of speech it is depends on how it is used
in that sentence. Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used
as adverbs. Words are prepositions if they have an object to complete them.
To decide which it is say the preposition followed by whom
or what. If a noun or a pronoun answers the question, the word is a
Example: The boy stood up
and ran down the street. Up what? There is no object;
therefore up is not a preposition. Down what? Street
answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition. Down
the street is the prepositional phrase starting with the preposition
down and ending with the object street with a modifier
the in between.
Find the prepositional
phrases in the following sentences.
1. Jim painted a picture on
the wall of the house.
2. I like to lie in the shade
of the apricot tree and think of the jobs for the day.
3. The dog jumped over the
mound behind the barn and ran into the street.
4. Everyone but you will need
a note from home with parental permission.
5. Around the yard for miles,
you could see nothing except junk.
1. on the wall, of the house
2. in the shade, of the
apricot tree, of the jobs, for the day
3. over the mound, behind the
barn, into the street.
4. but you, from home, with
5. around the yard, for miles,
Remembering what was taught
in lesson 71, find the prepositions in these sentences. Remember that a
preposition must have an object to complete it.
1. I like the color of the
curtain on the window.
2. Jane walked along in the
rain during the shower.
3. Hang the picture up or set
it down behind the couch.
4. Eric was shining his light
around in the car beside us.
5. The bird swooped down,
picked up the mouse, and landed on the fence.
1. of, on - because they have
2. in, during
4. in, beside
5. on - (up appears to have
an object, but really it is telling how or where the bird
picked the mouse. You are really saying "The bird picked the mouse up.")
Combine the two sentences
into one sentence using a prepositional phrase. Example: The ice melted. The
ice was in the glass. Combined: The ice in the glass melted.
1. My dog is named Badger. He
is in the garden area.
2. The sunset was beautiful.
The sunset was in the west.
3. The grass is dead. The
grass is near the road.
4. That girl is my best
friend. She lives across the street.
5. I talked to that man. He
is in my club.
1. My dog in the garden area
is named Badger
2. The sunset in the west was
3. The grass near the road is
4. That girl across the
street is my best friend.
5. I talked to that man in my
Combine the sentences into
one sentence using prepositional phrases. Example: The band marched. They
marched across the football field. The band marched across the football
1. The runner jogged. He
jogged around the park.
2. I found my money. It was
under the mattress.
3. She looked around. She was
in the store.
4. The students performed
well. The performance was for the school play.
5. The man walked home. He
was walking from work.
1. The runner jogged around
the park. or Around the park the runner jogged.
2. I found my money under the
mattress. or Under the mattress I found my money.
3. She looked around in the
store. or In the store she looked around.
4. The students performed
well for the school play. or For the school play the students performed well.
5. The man walked home from
work. or The man walked from work home. or From work the man walked home.