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LESSON 30 CONJUNCTIONS-2
A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Correlative conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank.

 

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

 

Find the correlative conjunctions in these sentences and tell if they are joining words, phrases, or clauses.


 

1. I like neither the blue one nor the red one.
2. Both the man and his wife wanted not only the television but also the VCR.
3. Whether you like it, or you don't like it, I am going home.
4. Either you get the work done now, or I will get someone else to do it.
5. Both the letter to the editor and the response to it were gratifying.



 

Answers


 

1. neither-nor (words) one and one - The adjectives "the blue" and "the red" don't change what is joined.
2. both-and (words), man and wife; not only-but also (words) television and VCR - Again the adjectives don't change the fact that you are joining words (nouns).
3. whether-or (clauses)
4. either-or (clauses)
5. both-and (words) letter and response - Leaving out the modifiers doesn't change the meaning of the sentence.


 

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A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses (a sentence that must be attached to another clause to make sense) to independent clauses (a sentence that makes sense by itself).

 

Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, while.


 

Find the subordinate conjunctions in these sentences.


 

1. If you don't mind, I will return in a week.
2. I am working hard because I want to succeed.
3. I will not be going north until the weather changes.
4. Unless you are correct about the trail, we will be lost in these mountains.
5. He can do this work better than I can.



 

Answers


 

1. if
2. because
3. until
4. unless
5. than


 

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An interjection is a word or word group that shows feeling. A mild interjection is followed by a comma; a strong interjection is followed by an exclamation mark. Interjections are rather easy to understand so we will not spend much time on them.


 

Examples:


 

Well, we will soon be home.
Oh! I didn't know he had died.
Find the interjections in these sentences.


 

1. Dear me! That is terrible.
2. Nonsense, you can do it.
3. Wow! You look gorgeous!
4. Sh! The baby is asleep.
5. Oh, what a beautiful baby you have.



 

Answers


 

1. dear me
2. nonsense
3. wow
4. sh
5. oh


 

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A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank. There are two kinds: simple and correlative. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. I will refer to them simply as co-ordinate, correlative, and subordinate.

 

The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)

 

The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.

 

Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, and while.

 

Find the conjunctions in these sentences, and tell whether it is co-ordinate, correlative, or subordinate.


 

1. If you have time, visit your sister while you are in Tucson.
2. The hurricane damaged not only North Carolina but also New Jersey.
3. The injured boy could neither walk nor talk.
4. Soccer and basketball are popular sports throughout the world.
5. The principal and the teacher were shocked, but they soon punished him.
6. She was arrested because she was both dishonest and corrupt.
7. As I said, you may have either this dog or the other.
8. Did you honk, or did I imagine it?
9. Although the storm passed, the clouds were dark and gloomy.
10. After the semester was over, my friend and I traveled to the Black Hills and Mount Rushmore.



 

Answers


 

1. If (subordinate), while (subordinate)
2. not only-but also (correlative)
3. neither-nor (correlative)
4. and (co-ordinate)
5. and (co-ordinate), but (co-ordinate)
6. because (subordinate), both-and (correlative)
7. as (subordinate), either-or (correlative)
8. or (co-ordinate)
9. although (subordinate), and (co-ordinate)
10. after (subordinate), and (co-ordinate), and (co-ordinate)

 

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