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LESSON 31 PARTS OF THE SENTENCE

Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.


 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.

 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!

 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.

 

Find the subject and verb in the following sentences.

 

1. Karen went to the mall.
2. Carl didn't help his dad.
3. Mom cooks breakfast every morning.
4. I want a new bike for Christmas.
5. Ann has had a new baby girl.



 

Answers


 

1. Karen - subject, went - verb
2. Carl - subject, did help - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb did)
3. Mom - subject, cooks - verb
4. I - subject, want - verb
5. Ann - subject, has had - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb has)


 

These verbs are all action verbs.


 

 
Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.


 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.


 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!


 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.


 

Find the subject and verb in these sentences.


 

1. The programs are on the piano.
2. The kittens were under the straw stack.
3. He will be here soon.
4. The weather seems cooler.
5. The money must be on the table.


 

Answers


 

1. programs - subject, are - verb
2. kittens - subject, were - verb
3. he - subject, will be - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb will)
4. weather - subject, verb - seems
5. money - subject, verb - must be (verb phrase using a helping verb must)


 

These verbs are all state of being verbs.



 

Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.


 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.


 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!


 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.


 

Imperative sentences always have an understood but not stated you as the subject. Examples: Hand it in now. (You) hand it in now. Stop. (You) stop.


 

Find the subject and verb in the following sentences.


 

1. Give me the gun!
2. Help me please.
3. Bring me the paper.
4. Lock the car door always.
5. Run next door for some sugar.



 

Answers


 

1. (you) - subject, give - verb
2. (you) - subject, help - verb
3. (you) - subject, bring - verb
4. (you) - subject, lock - verb
5. (you) - subject, run - verb


 

Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.


 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.


 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!


 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.


 

Interrogative sentences many times have the subject between the parts of the verb phrase. To find the verb and the subject, turn the question into a statement. Example: Have you seen my coat? You have seen my coat. Who or what have seen? You have seen. You is the subject.


 

Find the subject and verb in these interrogative sentences.


 

1. Has James left for home?
2. When did the noise begin?
3. Where is Jeanne attending college?
4. Did Jeff eat any dinner?
5. Will you return on Sunday?



 

Answers


 

1. James - subject, has left - verb phrase
2. noise - subject, did begin - verb phrase
3. Jeanne - subject, is attending - verb phrase
4. Jeff - subject, did eat - verb phrase
5. you - subject, will return - verb phrase


 

 
Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.


 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.


 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!


 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.


 

Sometimes a sentence is in inverted order so the subject may come in the middle or at the end of the sentence. Examples: Out of the woods came a bear. Came is the verb. What came? Bear came so bear is the subject. With it were her cubs in a rolling pile. Were is the verb. What were? Cubs were so cubs is the subject.


 

Find the subject and verb in these sentences.

 

1. Just around the corner was the parade.
2. In the fall the leaves cover the ground
3. In the city lived many poor people.
4. Over the fireplace were hanging the stockings for Santa.
5. From the thicket appeared the deer.



 

Answers


 

1. parade - subject, was - verb
2. leaves - subject, cover - verb
3. people - subject, lived - verb
4. stockings - subject, were hanging - verb phrase
5. deer - subject, appeared - verb

 

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