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LESSON 35 PARTS OF SENTENCE-NOUNS/PRONOUNS

 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb.


 

A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. That is such verbs as the helping verbs: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been; the sense verbs: look, taste, smell, feel, sound; and verbs like become, seem, appear, grow, continue, stay, turn.


 

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb is always an action verb. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. The predicate nominative or the direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase.


 

An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. Appositives should not be confused with predicate nominatives. A verb will separate the subject from the predicate nominative. An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun including the subject, direct object or predicate nominative.


 

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains.


or are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb. Intransitive verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as intransitive complete or intransitive linking. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective.


verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the voice always has or as an auxiliary or helping verb. verbs have no receiver of the action. They are classified as or are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective.

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. The man with an armful of presents tripped and fell.


 

2. Into the clearing staggered the wounded soldier.


 

3. The company president, Mr. Mabey, lost his temper.


 

4. Wilma, where did you put my book?


 

5. Shelley, Keats, and Byron are famous poets.



 

Answers


 

1. tripped / fell = verbs (ic), man = subject


 

2. staggered = verb (ic), soldier = subject


 

3. lost = verb (ta), president = subject, temper = direct object, Mr. Mabey = appositive (possibly noun of address)


 

4. did put = verb (ta), you = subject, book = direct object, Wilma = noun of address


 

5. are = verb (il), Shelley/Keats/Byron = subjects, poets = predicate nominative


 

 



 

 Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.


 

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.


verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. He signaled Rulon, his son-in-law in New Jersey, and informed him.


 

2. The alarm clock had been set in the evening.


 

3. Our special guest for tonight is Mr. McMillan, our honored mayor.


 

4. There will be a surprise present for the family.


 

5. A box of gold coins and precious jewels was recently found in our back yard.



 

Answers


 

1. signaled/informed = verbs (ta), he = subject, Rulon/him = direct objects, son-in-law = appositive


 

2. had been set = verb (tp), clock = subject


 

3. is = verb (il), guest = subject, Mr. McMillan = predicate nominative, mayor = appositive


 

4. will be = verb (ic), present = subject


 

5. was found = verb (tp), box = subject,



 

Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.


 

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.


verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. Mr. Hoyle introduced the speaker, a famous French educator.


 

2. Please answer the door, Fred.


 

3. Phil Clintock should not have been elected President.


 

4. No one enters my territory without permission and lives.


 

5. The rehearsal has been changed, Jessica.



 

Answers


 

1. introduced = verb (ta), Mr. Hoyle = subject, speaker = direct object, educator = appositive


 

2. answer = verb (ta), you (understood) = subject, door = direct object, Fred = noun of address


 

3. should have been elected = verb (il), Bill Clintock = subject, President = predicate nominative


 

4. enters = verb (ta) / lives = verb (ic), no one = subject, territory = direct object


 

5. has been changed = verb (tp), rehearsal = subject, Jessica = noun of address


 

 

Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.


 

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.


verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. Neither the electrician nor his assistant had the right parts.


 

2. On the golf course Jim hit two trees and a sand trap.


 

3. For most people, life is a struggle.


 

4. The bus driver could hardly see the edge of the road.


 

5. Barbara, two groups, they and we, stayed to the end.


 

Answers


 

1. had = verb (ta), electrician/assistant = subject, parts = direct object


 

2. hit = verb (ta), Jim = subject, trees/sand trap = direct objects


 

3. is = verb (il), life = subject, struggle = predicate nominative


 

4. could see = verb (ta), driver = subject, edge = direct object


 

5. stayed = verb (ic), groups = subject, they/we = appositives, Barbara = noun of address


 

 
 Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review


 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb. A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking.


 

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Intransitive linking are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.


verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. are sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. Eric and I were expecting someone, you.


 

2. She found them in New York, Colette.


 

3. Do you like her best, Justin?


 

4. The author might have been anyone.


 

5. Two people, you and he, must assist us in this effort.



 

Answers


 

1. were expecting = verb (ta), Eric/I = subject, someone = direct object, you = appositive


 

2. found = verb (ta), she = subject, them = direct object, Colette = noun of address


 

3. do like = verb (ta), you = subject, her = direct object, Justin = noun of address


 

4. might have been = verb (il), author = subject, anyone = predicate nominative


 

5. must assist = verb (ta), people = subject, us = direct object, you/he = appositives


 

 

Parts of the Sentence - Noun/Pronoun Review


 

Find the verbs, subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta), transitive passive (tp), intransitive linking (il), or intransitive complete (ic).


 

1. Curtis, has Jay found his lost keys?


 

2. There on the porch stood Badger, our lost dog.


 

3. Sunday, Ila, will be our anniversary.


 

4. Those two boys, Ivan and he, argue incessantly.


 

5. He needs more helpers, you and me.


 

6. Rebecca, why haven't you practiced your music?


 

7. Your car has been sold today, Todd.


 

8. In the plowed field some corn was planted.


 

9. Joe, my uncle, Al Brim, is a famous skater.


 

10. This matter should not be decided without much thought.



 

Answers


 

1. has found = verb (ta), Jay = subject, keys = direct object, Curtis = noun of address


 

2. stood = verb (ic), Badger = subject, dog = appositive


 

3. will be = verb (il), Sunday = subject, anniversary = predicate nominative, Ila = noun of address


 

4. argue = verb (ic), boys = subject, Ivan/he = appositives


 

5. needs = verb (ta), he = subject, helpers = direct object, you/me = appositives


 

6. have practiced = verb (ta), you = subject, music = direct object, Rebecca = noun of address


 

7. has been sold = verb (tp), car = subject, Todd = noun of address


 

8. was planted = verb (tp), corn = subject


 

9. is = verb (il), uncle = subject, skater = predicate nominative, Al Brim = appositive, Joe = noun of address


 

10. should be decided = verb (tp), matter = subject

 

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